If you want to import a vehicle, legally, contact: ImportAVehicle.com

Thursday, October 11, 2018

Aftermarket Parts Procedures Work Group – Superchargers and Turbochargers

Invitation to participate
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) invites you to participate in an Aftermarket Parts Procedures work group meeting for manufacturers of Superchargers and Turbochargers or those who use these devices as part of their performance product(s). The discussion will focus on the current evaluation processes, along with areas of concern going forward. For those who cannot attend in person, a webinar will be available.

All meeting materials will be posted on the Aftermarket Parts Public Meetings webpage.

Please see below for additional details regarding the work group meeting:

DATE:               Tuesday, October 15, 2018
TIME:                10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. (PDT)
LOCATION:      California Air Resources Board
                          Haagen Smit Auditorium (Annex 4)
                          9530 Telstar Avenue, El Monte, CA 91731

If you are unable to attend in person, the work group is available via webinar

California Anti Tampering Laws (Vehicle Code (VC) 27156 and VC 38391) prohibit the sale, operation, and modification of engines or vehicles from their originally certified configuration. The aftermarket parts program evaluation procedures, “Procedures for Exemption of Add-on and Modified Parts” (Procedures), provide the process and criteria for manufacturers of add-on and modified parts to obtain exemptions to legally sell parts in California. Add-on and modified parts are defined in Code of California Regulations, title13, section 1900 (b) (1 and 10) and section 2222. The Procedures are intended to be robust enough to demonstrate that the aftermarket parts will not adversely impact emissions, the original emissions control system, and the On-Board Diagnostics system of the certified engine or vehicle, while providing industry with a less complicated evaluation protocol.

The Procedures were last updated in June 1990. Since that time, engines, vehicles, emission control technologies and strategies have changed and become more complex. The Procedures have provided industry and CARB with the tools needed to continue the evaluation of aftermarket parts as the standards and test procedures have changed. However, staff wish to revisit the process and test protocols to reflect current procedures and technologies while providing the tools needed to evaluate engines and vehicles of the future. The purpose of the air intake work group is to solicit ideas from the air intake industry to improve the current Procedures.

More Information

For questions regarding the work group or modification of the aftermarket parts procedure, please contact Mr. Richard Muradliyan, Air Resources Engineer, at (626) 575-6798.

CARB staff will use the Aftermarket Parts mailing list to notify stakeholders of updates and future work group meetings. Subscribe to receive email updates from the Aftermarket Parts program.

Tuesday, October 2, 2018

CARB cracking down on illegal diesel soot filters

LKQ Corp. pays $294,000 penalty for selling illegal used diesel soot filters for trucks

SACRAMENTO – LKQ Corporation, a Chicago-based provider of alternative and specialty automotive parts, has agreed to pay a $294,000 penalty for selling illegal, used diesel particulate (soot) filters, violating California’s Aftermarket Parts and Diesel Particulate Filter Verification Regulations.  
It is illegal to sell or install a used diesel soot filter for use in heavy-duty trucks in California.  It is also illegal for a business to install one of these filters without being authorized by the filter manufacturer.
In a related case in 2017, West Coast Diesel, a Fresno repair shop caught selling and installing illegal parts, agreed to a settlement that included additional monetary penalties should they violate the terms of the agreement by installing even one diesel particulate filter. Several other Central Valley diesel repair shops are now under investigation for selling and installing illegal filters.
“The sales of illegal diesel particulate filters in California needs to stop, and I hope the actions announced today demonstrate the seriousness of these violations,” said CARB Enforcement Chief Todd Sax.  “These companies sold cheap, illegal filters, harvested from other vehicles, to unsuspecting truckers.”
Diesel filters in trucks trap soot that causes cancer, and so they are very important to protecting public health.  California law requires truck owners to keep their diesel particulate filters in working order, and to replace the filter if it is damaged and not working properly.  Only CARB -certified filters may be sold, installed, or operated in California.  Using an uncertified or improperly installed filter can damage an engine and expose those around the truck to toxic diesel soot. 
Today’s announcement sends a critical message to business owners as well as consumers that CARB is actively enforcing the state’s landmark Truck and Bus Regulation, which requires truck owners to clean up their fleets by installing 2010 or newer engines by 2023, as well as its regulations governing the use and sale of diesel filters. 
“Truckers need to understand the compliance process and take responsibility for properly maintaining their vehicles, including their soot filters,” said Sax.  “We encourage truckers to check our CARB Truckstop website for information.  Truckers can also call us at 1 866 6DIESEL and we will explain the requirements and what needs to be done.”
Sax also stressed that truckers need to take responsibility when it comes to choosing a repair shop for vehicle maintenance.  These shops should be selling new, CARB-authorized filters, and their personnel should be properly trained by the filter manufacturer on the installation process.  
“Truckers should make sure that when installing or replacing their diesel particulate filter that a CARB-approved device is being used,” said Sax.  “When shopping for a filter, remember that if a deal seems too good to be true, it probably is.”
Sax also noted that it may be more cost-effective to buy a newer truck, since putting on a filter only ensures compliance for a couple of years at best, according to the Truck and Bus regulation phase-in schedule.  Truckers can call CARB to find out if they might be eligible for loans or other financial incentives to help purchase new or newer equipment.
To settle its case and avoid legal action, LKQ agreed to pay $294,000 to the Air Pollution Control Fund to support air pollution research and education.  In addition, the company updated its website and is no longer selling or advertising used filters for the California market. 
Diesel exhaust contains a variety of harmful gases and more than 40 other known cancer-causing compounds. In 1998, California identified diesel particulate matter as a toxic air contaminant based on its potential to cause cancer, premature death and other health problems.

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

R32 GT-R Brake Master Cylinders

BM57 brake master cylinder. 1 1/16th inch bore. Rear line which goes to front calipers is split with block.

Brake master cylinders are probably the most sexy part of your entire braking system. Really. Honestly. Probably not. 

When you press on the brake pedal, which is a type of lever, the other end actuates a rod that moves the piston in the master cylinder.  The R32 GT-R came with both BM44 (15/16th piston) and BM50 (1 inch piston), not sure exactly how those broke out.  However translating from Japanese, it seems like the three port BM44 was used on the Nismo, and possibly the N1, along with the GTS-t R32.  All the other R32 probably got the BM50 master cylinder at 1 inch.

The larger the diameter of the piston, the more fluid it moves. When you swap out to larger calipers, you want a larger piston in the master to be able to move more fluid down at each caliper.

Something we just were looking at, is the 2 and 3 port versions of the master cylinders. The BM44 it seems is a 3 port used with non-ABS cars, and the BM50 being a 2 port used with ABS.

Brake Master Cylinder
  • OEM Sumitomo R32 GT-R and GTS-t (Nismo and N1 maybe?)
    • BM44
    • Nabco 
    • 3 port? (No ABS?)
    • 15/16" piston  (23.8125 mm)
    • 46010-02U20
  • BM50 - Also OEM R32 GT-R and R32 GTS-t 4WD
    • 1" piston (25.4 mm)
    • Nabco
    • 2 port (With ABS)
    • 46010-05U20
  • OEM Brembo R32 GT-R Vspec/R33 

ABS removed. Rear port, which controls the front calipers is tee'd off. This is a BM57 master cylinder

  • R32 GTR (Non V-Spec)

    Master Cylinder diam (mm)25.4 area 506.71mm²
    Front Caliper Piston(diam x qty)40.4×4 = 5127.58mm²
    Front rotors (diam x thk)296×32
    Rear Caliper Piston(diam x qty)38.18×2 = 2289.78mm²
    Rear Rotors (diam x thk)297×18
  • R32 GTR V-Spec / R33 / 34 GTR with Brembos

    Master Cylinder diam (mm)26.9 568.32mm²
    Front Caliper Piston(diam x qty)(44+3Cool×2 ... leading pistons smaller then trailing 5309.29mm²
    Front rotors (diam x thk)324×30
    Rear Caliper Piston(diam x qty)40×2 2513.27mm² ratio FR = 2.1125
    Rear Rotors (diam x thk)300×22
    Brake to master ratio13.76

Wednesday, August 15, 2018

R33 Nissan Skyline : Fluid Capacity : Oil Pressure

USA legal 25 year old R33 GTS-t
25 year old, and USA legal R33 GTS-t

Engine Lubrication and Cooling Fluid Capacities for R33 Nissan Skyline

Engine Oil Capacity (quarts)
H Level 4.2 4.3 4.8
L Level 3.2 3.5 3.7
Oil and Filter Change ~ 4.4 ~4.8 ~4.9

Coolant Capactiy (liters)
Capacity ~9 ~9.2

Engine Oil Pressure(kg/cm2, psi)
RPM Idling 2000 6000
RB20E ~1.0, 14 ~3.8,54 ~4.8,68
RB25DE ~1.0, 14 ~3.3,47 ~5.3,75
RB25DET ~1.0, 14 ~3.5,50 ~5.6,85
RB26DETT ~1.5, 21 ~3.0,43 ~4.6,65

RB26dett with extended oil pan from Trust/Greddy

RB20DE in an R32 GTS

© Copyright by Vehicle Import and Car Importing FAQ  |  Template by Blogspot tutorial