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Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Why Gas Engines Are Far From Dead - Biggest EV Problems

Why Are Car Makers Still Developing Internal Combustion Engines?
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Why are car manufacturers still improving and spending money on combustion engines in the year 2020? Should all development research be going into electric cars and electric vehicle technology? Unfortunate news if you think ICE transportation is going away in the near future to be solely replaced by electric vehicles (EVs).

The internal combustion engine is still incredibly relevant today, and can still use further improvements in order to reduce global emissions. In this video we'll discuss scientific issues facing electric cars, environmental problems with ditching combustion engine research, how cost impacts customer decisions and manufacturer profits, and ultimately how consumer choice plays a large role in this industry. If you've ever wondered why combustion engines are still being developed, this video breaks down all the details.

Related Videos:
Are EVs Actually Cleaner? - https://youtu.be/6RhtiPefVzM
Are Teslas Green? - https://youtu.be/2rywz73vwKw
Are Lithium Batteries Bad? - https://youtu.be/1mXSMwZUiCU
Living With An Electric Car - https://youtu.be/cXkRcuwoIm4

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

International Driving Permits - California

The State of California does not recognize an International Driving Permit (IDP) as a valid driver license (DL). California does recognize a valid driver license that is issued by a foreign jurisdiction (country, state, territory) of which the license holder is a resident.

The IDP is only a translation of information contained on a person's foreign driver license and is not required to operate a motor vehicle in California. Citations issued to a person in California who has an IDP, but does not have a California driver license will be placed on the Department of Motor Vehicle database.

The IDP is also called an International Driver License, International License, etc.

For more information about travel and driver licensing requirements outside of the US, visit Driving Abroad.

Friday, January 10, 2020

Attorney General Becerra, CARB, challenge Moreno Valley’s attempt to sidestep its responsibility to regulate emissions from warehouse project

SACRAMENTO – California Attorney General Xavier Becerra and the California Air Resources Board (CARB) today filed an amicus brief with the Fourth District Court of Appeal, challenging the Moreno Valley Community Services District (Moreno Valley) for disregarding the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) in its analysis of the World Logistics Center warehouse project. The construction of the World Logistics Center in the South Coast Air Basin – which already suffers from some of the worst air pollution in the country – is expected to add nearly 70,000 daily vehicle trips in the region, increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by hundreds of thousands of metric tons each year. In the brief, Attorney General Becerra asserts that Moreno Valley inaccurately claims that the World Logistics Center falls under CARB’s Cap-and-Trade program and fails to consider the vast majority of projected GHG emissions from the project in its analysis.

“California is already suffering from the onerous effects of climate change – including wildfires, droughts, and harmful air pollution,” said Attorney General Becerra. “We have a responsibility to our communities, particularly those that are disproportionately affected by pollution, to make sure all feasible mitigation measures are taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in projects like the World Logistics Center. Local governments like Moreno Valley must do their part as regulators if we are going to safeguard the well-being of residents and meet California’s long-term climate change goals.”

“Large distribution centers with heavy truck traffic must take responsibility for the greenhouse gas emissions and smog-forming exhaust they generate,” said CARB Chair Mary D. Nichols. “They cannot hide behind legal fictions to ignore the need to protect public health and the environment. The message for this developer – and others contemplating this illegal ploy – is clear: Distribution centers need to move towards zero-emission trucks and cargo equipment. They can’t duck their responsibility to the community where they are located, or pass on the costs of their pollution in the form of unhealthy air and poor health.”

The World Logistics Center is a massive 40-million-square-foot warehouse and logistics facility complex proposed by Highland Fairview company. The Center is projected to cause more than 385,000 metric tons of GHG to be released into the atmosphere every year, nearly 40 times the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s CEQA threshold of significance for GHG emissions. Even with mitigation measures, the Center would exceed significance thresholds for volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter. The South Coast Air Basin already experiences ozone, the main ingredient of smog, at a rate higher than 98 percent of the rest of California. Residents there also experience cardiovascular disease, which can result from exposure to air pollution, at a rate higher than 95 percent of the state.

In the brief, Attorney General Becerra argues that Moreno Valley’s current GHG analysis of the World Logistics Center violates CEQA. Moreno Valley relies on CARB’s Cap-and-Trade program to shield hundreds of thousands of tons of GHG emissions each year from proper CEQA scrutiny. Warehouse and logistics centers, however, are not covered by Cap-and-Trade and therefore cannot “comply” with Cap-and-Trade. California relies instead on local governments to analyze and mitigate the climate change impacts of this type of project, pursuant to CEQA. By disregarding more than 95 percent of the emissions expected to be generated by the World Logistics Center, Moreno Valley’s environmental impact report fails to comply with CEQA. The brief notes that allowing Moreno Valley to sidestep its responsibility to regulate the Center would undermine California’s GHG reduction goals and prevent co-pollutant reduction measures necessary to protect California’s environmentally impacted communities.

Developer Highland Fairview is committed to building high-quality, industry-leading green and sustainable projects.
Highland Fairview has proven it can build successful, sustainable projects, having developed the Skechers facility, which opened in 2011. It has been awarded the prestigious LEED-Gold award by the U.S. Green Building Council. LEED certification is only awarded to buildings that meet strict energy and water conservation standards, and make sustainable building material choices wherever possible.
World Logistics Center, too, will be a world-class, green building project to make Moreno Valley proud.
Thank you for your interest in the World Logistics Center. We all agree that we need more local jobs in Moreno Valley.  Not only will local jobs shorten our long commutes, these jobs, together with the millions of tax revenues generated from the project, will provide much needed funds for city services such as police, fire and schools.
This is what this project is all about — making Moreno Valley a better place to live and work.
The project is in the right place and comes at the right time. It takes land currently designated for more housing and converts it to a job-producing land use.  It is planned to the highest standards to be a next-generation logistics campus designed to attract the world’s leading companies.
As importantly, the 2,600-acre campus will be one of the most sustainable developments of its kind. The project’s innovative environmental design, water conservation strategies as well as its utilization of advanced, cleanest diesel technology available, will ensure the outmost in environmental compatibility. The project will encompass 40.6 million square feet of buildings and will be constructed over a period of 15 years, generating thousands of construction jobs.
The $3 billion World Logistics Center project, right here in Moreno Valley, will not only be a tremendous boost to our local economy, it will also generate millions in city fees, money that can help improve our public safety, build schools, streets, fire stations and other much needed public facilities.

Friday, December 13, 2019

1993- 1995 Holden Commodore VR

1993 Holden Commodore Ute - VR Series at Radwood in Los Angeles
Launched in July 1993 and sold until April 1995, the VR series came with an updated, sleeker and more modern design, as well as safety enhancements such as anti-lock brakes (ABS). From the side, the biggest change was the revised daylight opening around the C-pillar and the use of a round rear wheelarch, instead of a squared-off shape used on the previous VN and VP model Commodores. The VR Acclaim and Calais included a driver's side Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) airbag as standard, which was a first for an Australian car. They also had standard ABS brakes and independent rear suspension (IRS). The airbag, ABS brakes and IRS were also available across the range for both automatic transmission and manual transmission models. The rear-end treatment saw raised tail lamps, which were recessed high up on the boot lid for safety reasons. A new electronic version of the Turbo-Hydramatic 700R4 (TH700) automatic transmission was introduced, known as the GM 4L60-E
Holden Data Plate
Trim - 14I - Capricorn Slate Grey
Paint - 1J064 Alaskan White
Built Feb 1994
Engine - LB9  - 165kW ~220 hp
Transmission - M78 Borg Warner T-5 manual
Suspension - Standard
Axle - GU4 -03.08 gears

The dataplate above tells you how your Holden left the factory.  In the case of these cars over 25 years old, things may have changed. 

The VR came with a V6 or a V8, and manual or automatic transmissions. 

6 cyl. & V8
3.8 litre EFI V6; 5.0 V8 EFI
130kW (V6) & 165kW (V8)
5 spd. man & 4 spd. Turbohydramatic


Holden Commordore Unique Cars
Just Commodores Forum

Maintenance Items for a VR Holden with a 5.0 or 304 engine

Air Filter  
  • 16546 –V0100   Nissan OEM
  • 33-2031-2 K&N
  • CA4309 Fram

The air filter is actually the same filter as used on the 1989-2002 Nissan Skyline GT-R, and a ton of other Nissans.

Oil Filter
13/16-16 thread


Everyone has an oil opinion. Most opinions on the 304 seem to be that it likes a thicker oil 15/50  20/50. 

Spark Plugs

  • NGK BP6EFS gapped at 1.0 mm according to OEM manual
  • AC R42LTS

Spark Plug wires or leads

Distributor cap

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