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Friday, January 10, 2020

Attorney General Becerra, CARB, challenge Moreno Valley’s attempt to sidestep its responsibility to regulate emissions from warehouse project

SACRAMENTO – California Attorney General Xavier Becerra and the California Air Resources Board (CARB) today filed an amicus brief with the Fourth District Court of Appeal, challenging the Moreno Valley Community Services District (Moreno Valley) for disregarding the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) in its analysis of the World Logistics Center warehouse project. The construction of the World Logistics Center in the South Coast Air Basin – which already suffers from some of the worst air pollution in the country – is expected to add nearly 70,000 daily vehicle trips in the region, increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by hundreds of thousands of metric tons each year. In the brief, Attorney General Becerra asserts that Moreno Valley inaccurately claims that the World Logistics Center falls under CARB’s Cap-and-Trade program and fails to consider the vast majority of projected GHG emissions from the project in its analysis.

“California is already suffering from the onerous effects of climate change – including wildfires, droughts, and harmful air pollution,” said Attorney General Becerra. “We have a responsibility to our communities, particularly those that are disproportionately affected by pollution, to make sure all feasible mitigation measures are taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in projects like the World Logistics Center. Local governments like Moreno Valley must do their part as regulators if we are going to safeguard the well-being of residents and meet California’s long-term climate change goals.”

“Large distribution centers with heavy truck traffic must take responsibility for the greenhouse gas emissions and smog-forming exhaust they generate,” said CARB Chair Mary D. Nichols. “They cannot hide behind legal fictions to ignore the need to protect public health and the environment. The message for this developer – and others contemplating this illegal ploy – is clear: Distribution centers need to move towards zero-emission trucks and cargo equipment. They can’t duck their responsibility to the community where they are located, or pass on the costs of their pollution in the form of unhealthy air and poor health.”

The World Logistics Center is a massive 40-million-square-foot warehouse and logistics facility complex proposed by Highland Fairview company. The Center is projected to cause more than 385,000 metric tons of GHG to be released into the atmosphere every year, nearly 40 times the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s CEQA threshold of significance for GHG emissions. Even with mitigation measures, the Center would exceed significance thresholds for volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter. The South Coast Air Basin already experiences ozone, the main ingredient of smog, at a rate higher than 98 percent of the rest of California. Residents there also experience cardiovascular disease, which can result from exposure to air pollution, at a rate higher than 95 percent of the state.

In the brief, Attorney General Becerra argues that Moreno Valley’s current GHG analysis of the World Logistics Center violates CEQA. Moreno Valley relies on CARB’s Cap-and-Trade program to shield hundreds of thousands of tons of GHG emissions each year from proper CEQA scrutiny. Warehouse and logistics centers, however, are not covered by Cap-and-Trade and therefore cannot “comply” with Cap-and-Trade. California relies instead on local governments to analyze and mitigate the climate change impacts of this type of project, pursuant to CEQA. By disregarding more than 95 percent of the emissions expected to be generated by the World Logistics Center, Moreno Valley’s environmental impact report fails to comply with CEQA. The brief notes that allowing Moreno Valley to sidestep its responsibility to regulate the Center would undermine California’s GHG reduction goals and prevent co-pollutant reduction measures necessary to protect California’s environmentally impacted communities.

Developer Highland Fairview is committed to building high-quality, industry-leading green and sustainable projects.
Highland Fairview has proven it can build successful, sustainable projects, having developed the Skechers facility, which opened in 2011. It has been awarded the prestigious LEED-Gold award by the U.S. Green Building Council. LEED certification is only awarded to buildings that meet strict energy and water conservation standards, and make sustainable building material choices wherever possible.
World Logistics Center, too, will be a world-class, green building project to make Moreno Valley proud.
Thank you for your interest in the World Logistics Center. We all agree that we need more local jobs in Moreno Valley.  Not only will local jobs shorten our long commutes, these jobs, together with the millions of tax revenues generated from the project, will provide much needed funds for city services such as police, fire and schools.
This is what this project is all about — making Moreno Valley a better place to live and work.
The project is in the right place and comes at the right time. It takes land currently designated for more housing and converts it to a job-producing land use.  It is planned to the highest standards to be a next-generation logistics campus designed to attract the world’s leading companies.
As importantly, the 2,600-acre campus will be one of the most sustainable developments of its kind. The project’s innovative environmental design, water conservation strategies as well as its utilization of advanced, cleanest diesel technology available, will ensure the outmost in environmental compatibility. The project will encompass 40.6 million square feet of buildings and will be constructed over a period of 15 years, generating thousands of construction jobs.
The $3 billion World Logistics Center project, right here in Moreno Valley, will not only be a tremendous boost to our local economy, it will also generate millions in city fees, money that can help improve our public safety, build schools, streets, fire stations and other much needed public facilities.

Friday, December 13, 2019

1993- 1995 Holden Commodore VR

1993 Holden Commodore Ute - VR Series at Radwood in Los Angeles
Launched in July 1993 and sold until April 1995, the VR series came with an updated, sleeker and more modern design, as well as safety enhancements such as anti-lock brakes (ABS). From the side, the biggest change was the revised daylight opening around the C-pillar and the use of a round rear wheelarch, instead of a squared-off shape used on the previous VN and VP model Commodores. The VR Acclaim and Calais included a driver's side Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) airbag as standard, which was a first for an Australian car. They also had standard ABS brakes and independent rear suspension (IRS). The airbag, ABS brakes and IRS were also available across the range for both automatic transmission and manual transmission models. The rear-end treatment saw raised tail lamps, which were recessed high up on the boot lid for safety reasons. A new electronic version of the Turbo-Hydramatic 700R4 (TH700) automatic transmission was introduced, known as the GM 4L60-E
Holden Data Plate
Trim - 14I - Capricorn Slate Grey
Paint - 1J064 Alaskan White
Built Feb 1994
Engine - LB9  - 165kW ~220 hp
Transmission - M78 Borg Warner T-5 manual
Suspension - Standard
Axle - GU4 -03.08 gears

The dataplate above tells you how your Holden left the factory.  In the case of these cars over 25 years old, things may have changed. 

The VR came with a V6 or a V8, and manual or automatic transmissions. 

6 cyl. & V8
3.8 litre EFI V6; 5.0 V8 EFI
130kW (V6) & 165kW (V8)
5 spd. man & 4 spd. Turbohydramatic


Holden Commordore Unique Cars
Just Commodores Forum

Maintenance Items for a VR Holden with a 5.0 or 304 engine

Air Filter  
  • 16546 –V0100   Nissan OEM
  • 33-2031-2 K&N
  • CA4309 Fram

The air filter is actually the same filter as used on the 1989-2002 Nissan Skyline GT-R, and a ton of other Nissans.

Oil Filter
13/16-16 thread


Everyone has an oil opinion. Most opinions on the 304 seem to be that it likes a thicker oil 15/50  20/50. 

Spark Plugs

  • NGK BP6EFS gapped at 1.0 mm according to OEM manual
  • AC R42LTS

Spark Plug wires or leads

Distributor cap

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

CARB’s enforcement protects California consumers from toxic formaldehyde emissions

SACRAMENTO – Following the record fine levied on Lumber Liquidators in 2016, the California Air Resources Board has continued to monitor the safety of consumer products like flooring and cabinets that use composite wood materials. As a result of this vigilance, CARB has settled 15 cases totaling more than $338,000 over the past two-and-a-half years with companies that failed to follow California’s clean air regulations for  composite wood materials in a variety of everyday household products.
Composite wood products are manufactured with glue, wood veneers, and wood byproducts to make them stronger. However, glues used in composite wood can also emit formaldehyde which is a toxic air contaminant that causes cancer. To protect public health, in 2007 CARB established strict emission standards for hardwood plywood, particleboard, and medium density fiberboard. CARB’s regulation applies to all composite wood manufacturers, importers, fabricators, distributors, and retailers selling in the state, and requires that:
  • composite wood materials are produced in a mill that is third party certified;
  • efforts taken to ensure materials are compliant are documented; and
  • all products are labeled for compliance.
“CARB’s programs are designed to ensure that no child in school, and no resident of California, is exposed to toxic formaldehyde from composite wood flooring, furniture, and related products,” explains Todd Sax, Enforcement Division Chief. “Businesses must proactively verify that the product is compliant and document those efforts, label their product adequately as a compliant product, and notify their customers.  Anything less puts consumers at risk and businesses will be held accountable through enforcement action.”
CARB’s enforcement program includes both emissions testing and extensive audits of the compliance precautions taken. After settling the Lumber Liquidators case in 2016, CARB has settled 15 additional cases involving importers, distributors, and retailers of composite wood products. Most of these cases involved excess emissions and inadequate precautions to ensure compliant material was sold, including the sale of unlabeled product.
CARB enforcement efforts are continuing, focused on flooring, cabinetry, and any other furniture using composite wood products, and at manufacturers, distributors, and both brick and mortar and internet retailers.

Composite Wood Products Settlement Cases Since 2016

Investigation Name
Settlement Date
Type of Business
Product Type
AAA Flooring and Building Supplies
Importer/ Distributor/Retailer
USC Flooring  Products, Inc.
Importer/ Distributor/ Retailer
Expo Floors
Importer/ Retailer
Coles Fine Flooring
Rivera's Floor Covering
Factory Direct Floor
Importer/ Distributor
Provenza Floors
Linco Enterprises, Inc.
Importer/ Distributor
DJJ Cabinets
Importer/ Distributor/Retailer
America Top Essential Inc.
Importer/ Distributor
ARK Floors
Belmont Carpets & Wood Flooring, Inc.
Design Within Reach
Importer/ Retailer
CY Flooring, Incorporated
Importer/ Retailer
PCTC Cabinetry Inc.
Importer/ Distributor

Aftermarket Parts Procedures Working Group - Follow Up Meeting on Tuners, Programmers, and In-Line Modules

Aftermarket Parts Procedures Working Group - Follow Up Meeting on Tuners, Programmers, and In-Line Modules

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) invites you to participate in a follow up work group meeting for manufacturers of Tuners, Programmers, and In-Line Modules or those who use these devices as part of their performance product(s). The discussion will focus on the need for manufacturers to gather calibration identification codes, calibration verification numbers, and identification numbers from a purchaser’s vehicle.  For those who cannot attend in person, a webinar will be available.
When available, all meeting materials will be posted on the Aftermarket Parts Public Meeting webpage.
Please see below for additional details regarding the work group meeting:
DATE:               Friday, December 13, 2019
TIME:               10:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. (PST)
LOCATION:      California Air Resources Board
                          Annex 2 Conference Room 2-112
                          9500 Telstar Avenue
                          El Monte, CA 91731
If you are unable to attend in person, the work group is available via webinar. 

California Anti Tampering Laws (Vehicle Code (VC) 27156 and VC 38391) prohibit the sale, operation, and modification of engines or vehicles from their originally certified configuration.  The aftermarket parts program evaluation procedures, “Procedures for Exemption of Add-on and Modified Parts” (Procedures), provide the process and criteria for manufacturers of add-on and modified parts to obtain exemptions to legally sell parts in California.  Add-on and modified parts are defined in California Code of Regulations, title13, section 1900 (b) (1 and 10) and section 2222.  The Procedures are intended to be robust enough to demonstrate that the aftermarket parts will not adversely impact emissions, the original emissions control system, and the On-Board Diagnostics system of the certified engine or vehicle, while providing industry with a less complicated evaluation protocol.
The Procedures were last updated in June 1990.  Since that time, engines, vehicles, emission control technologies and strategies have changed and become more complex.  The Procedures have provided industry and CARB with the tools needed to continue the evaluation of aftermarket parts as the standards and test procedures have changed.  However, staff wishes to revisit the processes and test protocols to ensure they reflect current procedures and technologies while providing the tools necessary to evaluate engines and vehicles of the future.  The purpose of the workshop is to discuss a draft replacement to the Procedures and solicit additional feedback..

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