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Wednesday, January 23, 2019

Three companies pay $1.4 million for violating air quality rules for cleaning products

SACRAMENTO - Three companies paid $1,436,252 to the California Air Resources Board for failing to comply with the state’s consumer products clean air regulations.

The companies are Kraft Heinz Foods Co. of Chicago, Ill., Mothers Polishes, Waxes, Cleaners Inc. of Huntington Beach, and CRC Industries Inc. of Horsham Township, Pa. All three were selling cleaning products in California that violated air quality regulations.

“Many common household products, such as cleaners and metal polishes, contain compounds that contribute to unhealthy smog. It’s important that retailers only stock and sell products that adhere to CARB regulations limiting the amount of these compounds,” CARB Enforcement Division Chief Todd Sax said.

The violations were all discovered during routine inspections by CARB.  Enforcement staff regularly purchase samples of cleaning and other consumer products from retail shelves and test them in the CARB lab to determine if the products comply with air quality regulations.

Neither Kraft Heinz Foods, nor Mothers Polishes, has a history of past violations and CRC is considered a “good actor,” going above and beyond with corrective actions.

A toxic compound was found in the CRC products case, while the Kraft Heinz Foods and Mothers Polishes tests showed concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) exceeding the allowed limit for the product. VOCs combine with nitrogen oxide in sunlight to form smog.

Kraft Heinz Foods

Kraft Heinz Foods manufactured and distributed a general purpose cleaner sold as 'All Natural Cleaning Vinegar' that was not compliant with the volatile organic compound limit for that product, resulting in 75.2 tons of excess VOC emissions. The company paid $700,000 in penalties: $350,000 to the Air Pollution Control Fund for projects and research to improve air quality, and $350,000 to the Ventura County Air Pollution Control District to fund a Marine Vessel Speed Reduction Incentive Program. That program provides incentives to shipping companies to reduce ship speeds through the Channel Island region in order to reduce NOx and other air pollutants.

Mothers

Three products sold or supplied by Mothers — Mothers Mag & Aluminum Polish, Mothers Billet Metal Polish and Mothers California Gold Metal Polish — caused 10.35 tons of excess VOC emissions. Mothers paid $111,242 in total: $56,252 to the state’s Air Pollution Control Fund and $55,000 to fund interns who host hands-on science activities for community members visiting the California Science Center Foundation. Those activities raise public awareness about risks associated with high carbon emissions generated by human activities.

CRC

CRC Industries sold, supplied and offered for sale in California two electrical parts cleaning products — CRC Lecta-Clean and CRC Lecta-Motive — which contained perchloroethylene, a toxic air contaminant prohibited for this category of product in California. Air toxics are pollutants that cause or may cause cancer or other serious health effects, such as birth defects. CRC paid $625,000 in penalties: $325,528 to the state’s Air Pollution Control Fund and $299,472 to El Sol Neighborhood Educational Center in Eastern Coachella Valley to fund outreach on respiratory health to local communities that targets low-income families and families with children. CRC modified the Lectra-Clean product to conform to the state’s regulation and agreed not to sell Lectra-Motive in California.

Friday, January 18, 2019

Aftermarket Parts Procedures Work Group – Intercooler Kits or Modifications to the Stock Intercooler System



Invitation to participate

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) invites you to participate in an Aftermarket Parts Procedures work group meeting for manufacturers of intercooler kits or parts to modify the stock intercooler system.  The discussion will focus on the current evaluation processes and areas of concern and improvements for going forward. For those who cannot attend in person, a webinar will be available.
All meeting materials will be posted on the Aftermarket Parts Public Meetings webpage.
Please see below for additional details regarding the work group meeting:
DATE:               Tuesday, January 22, 2019
TIME:                10:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. (PST)
LOCATION:      California Air Resources Board
                          Haagen Smit Auditorium (Annex 4)
                          9530 Telstar Avenue, El Monte, CA 91731
If you are unable to attend in person, the work group is available via webinar. 

Webinar


Background

California Anti Tampering Laws (Vehicle Code (VC) 27156 and VC 38391) prohibit the sale, operation, and modification of engines or vehicles from their originally certified configuration. The aftermarket parts program evaluation procedures, “Procedures for Exemption of Add-on and Modified Parts” (Procedures), provide the process and criteria for manufacturers of add-on and modified parts to obtain exemptions to legally sell parts in California. Add-on and modified parts are defined in Code of California Regulations, title13, section 1900 (b) (1 and 10) and section 2222. The Procedures are intended to be robust enough to demonstrate that the aftermarket parts will not adversely impact emissions, the original emissions control system, and the On-Board Diagnostics system of the certified engine or vehicle, while providing industry with a less complicated evaluation protocol.
The Procedures were last updated in June 1990. Since that time, engines, vehicles, emission control technologies and strategies have changed and become more complex. The Procedures have provided industry and CARB with the tools needed to continue the evaluation of aftermarket parts as the standards and test procedures have changed. However, staff wish to revisit the process and test protocols to reflect current procedures and technologies while providing the tools needed to evaluate engines and vehicles of the future. The purpose of the working group for manufacturers of intercooler kits or parts to modify the stock intercooler system is to solicit ideas to improve the current Procedures.

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Subaru Sambar Buyers Guide


The Subaru Sambar is a cabover kei truck and microvan manufactured by Subaru, a division of Fuji Heavy Industries, specifically for the Japanese market. It is Japan's first Keitora(軽トラ), shorthand for "kei class truck" and is still in production. The Sambar is available in both microvan and Kei truck (Pickup truck style) to fulfill the Kei car guidelines. Still popular in the domestic market, the Sambar continues to be produced in Japan, China as well as in Finland with a joint venture with Elcat Automotive.
Since its introduction in 1961, the Sambar has used a rear engine, rear wheel drive format (with optional 4WD from 1980 on), with the first two generations using the air-cooled engine from the Subaru 360, and later generations using the water-cooled engine from the Subaru RexVivio and the Pleo.
Until 2012 the Sambar model was still using the Sixth Generation chassis and body with updated fascia. It was the first Kei truck that used a cabover design, with the passenger cabin over the engine. The current generation is a rebadged version of the Daihatsu Hijet/Atrai.
The name Sambar is very similar to the top trim package for the Volkswagen Type 2 called the Samba introduced in 1951, which also used an air-cooled engine installed in the back, utilizing rear-wheel-drive, and was available in pickup configurations with fold-down beds.

The fifth generation Sambar was introduced in 1990. Engine regulations for displacement size were increased and the Sambar's engine was upgraded to 660 cc. For the 4WD version it sold as Subaru Dias Wagon as a permanent trim model. Commercials in Japan used Kuniko Yamada, a Japanese comedian.
The tradition of using the engine in Subaru's kei car offering, the Subaru Vivio's engine was shared in this version of the Sambar, the EN07. The engines piston amount increased to four cylinders and 55 PS (54 bhp) was available with an optional supercharger model, coupled with fuel injection. An automatic transmission was offered in the form of Subaru's ECVT system in tandem with full-time 4WD and a viscous coupling differential.
Subaru Sambar truck
1994 saw a full model change with a body similar to the Domingo, with the EF12 three-cylinder engine's displacement increased to 1200 cc and SOHC borrowed from the Subaru Justy. A maximum seating capacity of seven was possible. October 1995 saw the elimination of the ECVT transmission due to drivability issues and a 3-speed automatic was available instead, coupled to the EMPi 46 PS (45 bhp) engine.
Special edition appearance packages were offered including a retro "Dias Classic", later available on the Sambar truck, influenced by the Subaru Vivio Bistro.



Friday, January 11, 2019

Exhaust Repair Guidelines : EPA Fact sheet

Titanium racing exhaust on the Automotiveforums.com R34 GT-R

This EPA exhaust repair guideline is from 1991, but many people do not understand what it says or even how it may effect them. Like many things in life you don't have to like or agree with something, but understanding it will allow you to answer questions correctly when asked.  Understand what the Clean Air Act is. Understand how it effects vehicles.

You may not have emissions testing where you live, you may not have a smog test, however the EPA is a Federal agency, and is over your state as long as you are in the USA.   My State Doesn't Have Emissions




 
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